The NIIT is a 3.8% income tax on unearned income (income other than from a job or business). … Net rental income is subject to the NIIT and so is the capital gain on the sale of rental property. Your unearned income is subject to the NIIT if your AGI exceeds $200k if single and $250k if married filing joint.
Is rental income included in net investment income?
In general, net investment income includes, but is not limited to: interest, dividends, capital gains, rental and royalty income, and non-qualified annuities. Net investment income generally does not include wages, unemployment compensation, Social Security Benefits, alimony, and most self-employment income.
Is sale of rental property subject to net investment income tax?
The gain from the sale of rental property is also subject to NIIT unless the rental activity is part of an active trade or business. If the real estate activity is considered a passive activity, any gain on the sale of property would generate gain that would be subject to the net investment income tax.
Is rental income subject to NII?
Net Investment Income, also known as NII, is defined as the amount of income, before taxes, that comes from your investment assets. These assets can include stocks, bonds, mutual funds, loans — and rental income. And, that income can come in the form of interest, dividends, and non-qualified annuities.
What is excluded from NIIT?
The NIIT doesn’t apply to certain types of income that taxpayers can exclude for regular income tax purposes such as tax-exempt state or municipal bond interest, Veterans Administration benefits, or gain from the sale of a principal residence on that portion that’s excluded for income tax purposes.
Is passive rental income subject to NIIT?
Rental income is presumed to be derived from a passive activity and thus subject to NIIT. An exception exists, however, for rental income earned in the ordinary course of a real estate trade or business in which the taxpayer actively participates.
Does NIIT apply to capital gains?
The net investment income tax (NIIT) is a 3.8% tax on investment income such as capital gains, dividends, and rental property income. This tax only applies to high-income taxpayers, such as single filers who make more than $200,000 and married couples who make more than $250,000, as well as certain estates and trusts.
Does NIIT apply to depreciation recapture?
Depreciation recapture is a tax on gains from the sale of an investment property. … NIIT is not a tax on depreciation recapture since they are both taxes. If you meet the criteria to be considered a real estate professional for tax purposes, NIIT does not apply.
Is 1250 gain subject to NIIT?
The gain attributable to the depreciation may be subject to the 25% unrecaptured Section 1250 gain tax rate. Additionally, taxable gain on the sale may be subject to a 3.8% Net Investment Income Tax.
Is sale of residence subject to NIIT?
Gain from the sale of a vacation home or other second residence, which doesn’t qualify for the exclusion, is also subject to the NIIT.
What is a Section 1411 business?
Section 1411(c)(1) provides that “net investment income” means: (i) gross income from interest, dividends, annuities, royalties, and rents, other than such income which is derived in the ordinary course of a trade or business not described in Sec.
What will capital gains tax be in 2021?
For example, in 2021, individual filers won’t pay any capital gains tax if their total taxable income is $40,400 or below. However, they’ll pay 15 percent on capital gains if their income is $40,401 to $445,850. Above that income level, the rate jumps to 20 percent.
What is a Section 162 trade or business?
Section 162(a) allows a deduction for all the ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred during the taxable year in carrying on any trade or business. … However, the costs of going between one business location and another business location generally are deductible under § 162(a). Rev. Rul.
How can I avoid paying NIIT?
Strategies to Reduce Your Modified Adjusted Gross Income:
- Invest more taxable investment funds in municipal bonds. …
- Invest taxable investment funds in growth stocks. …
- Consider conversion of traditional IRA accounts to ROTH accounts. …
- Invest in life insurance and tax-deferred annuity products. …
- Invest in rental real estate.
What qualifies as net investment income?
Net investment income is income received from investment assets (before taxes) such as bonds, stocks, mutual funds, loans, and other investments (less related expenses). NII is subject to a 3.8% tax and applies to individuals with an NII and MAGI above certain thresholds.
What is the 3.8 Medicare surtax?
There is a flat Medicare surtax of 3.8% on net investment income for married couples who earn more than $250,000 of adjusted gross income (AGI). For single filers, the threshold is just $200,000 of AGI. … This would increase your total income to $280,000, making $80,000 of your total income subject to the 3.8% surtax.